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First Aid Kit for Pets

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First Aid Kit for Pets – ensure that you have the necessary in stock at all times to cater for emergencies!!!

ABORTION – Die injection which can be administered to a bitch to prevent / end an unwanted pregnancy, is only available through a Vet.

ABSCESSES – Large syringe with thick sterile “white needle” (available at ‘human’ pharmacies like Dischem), which can be used in case of emergency (when you are too far from your Vet) – insert into the abscess, extract and drain the same – leave a hole so the abscess can drain further by itself.  Treat with saline solution (9g/2 level teaspoons table salt mixed with 1 liter lukewarm boiled water) and put some of the aqueous cream mix on.

ALLERGIES - see under Sedatives.

ANXIETY – see under Shock.

APPETITE Stimulation – Plain white Greek or Bulgarian full/double cream yoghurt and Protexin to stimulate the stomach microbes so the animal will get hungry.  Pro-Kolin is also available and promising research is being done about Colostrum.  Nutrostim is a high calorie gel with very promising results.  Also give Blue Liquid.

BLADDER INFECTION – can be relieved with Citric Soda (knifepoint soda on tablespoon lukewarm boiled water twice a day for 3 days) or Norotrim tablets.  Please download the article about “Leaking Bladder” and bladder infections and store in your Animal Health folder.

BLOOD in EXCRETION – Give Lennon’s Steel Drops 5 drops twice a day (big dogs 10 drops) with the syringe in Marmite water until any ‘internal’ bleeding has stopped.

CAT FLU or PARVO – The most important lesson to learn is that it is a virus and nothing can kill/destroy a virus.  Your best contribution is to ensure that the animal does not get dehydrated.  Download the article about Parvo and save in your Animal Health folder.  Oral dosages of electrolytes (like Darrows Solution) and specifically naartjie Energade / Powerade as well as Marmite water and Norotrim tablets or Cosumix Plus will help a lot towards preventing secondary infections which the animal will suffer as a result of its low immunity. Thus, also strengthen your animal’s immune system.

CONSTIPATION – Laxapet / Animalax or 1½ teaspoons Liquid (medicinal) paraffin and/or glycerine suppository.  Can also grate about a quarter teaspoon of green Sunlight soap (the block), roll into a pellet for a suppository – lubricate with Vaseline and/or KY jelly and insert in anus until you can feel the sphincter muscles contract.  Plain white Greek / Bulgarian full/double cream yoghurt with a finger portion of ‘raw’ honey will also help.

COUGH – Kennel cough can be very successfully treated with Doxydog tablets.  Please download the article about Kennel Cough and save in your Animal Health folder.

DEHYDRATION – see under Diarrhoea.

DIARRHOEA – can be very successfully treated with Norotrim tablets, otherwise Kem-O-Dene – 3 drops on knifepoint sugar mixed with tablespoon lukewarm boiled water.

1.  With vomiting and diarrhoea the animal is dehydrated and suffers from electrolyte imbalances.

2.  Pectrolyte can also be administered to prevent dehydration – available at pharmacies.

3.  Naartjie Energade (5-10ml, depending on animal’s size/weight) can also be given.

4.  Can also alternate with Marmite/Oxo/Bovril water (1 teaspoon Marmite/Bovril/Oxo mixed with 1 cup lukewarm boiled water).

5.  In an emergency you can also use beef or chicken stock/extract (1 block dissolved in 2 cups lukewarm boiled water).

6.  Darrows Solution.

7.  Rooibos tea black / without sugar with some Protexin mixed in.

8.  Plain white Greek or Bulgarian full/double cream yoghurt can also be freely given.

9.  A home-made electrolyte mix consists of 9 grams (2 level teaspoons) table salt with 4 teaspoons sugar mixed with a liter of lukewarm boiled water.  Ensure that the animal gets one of these liquids every 15-20 minutes.

10.  You can also swipe a finger dabbed in raw honey in the animal’s mouth every 20 minutes – sugar is poisonous for dogs but in this case the stomach’s microbes need energy and you must prevent the waste concentrating in the kidneys/liver/ stomach and ensure that it is excreted as quick as possible.

11.  To bind the stomach – Custard powder or flour/Maizena – quarter teaspoon on knifepoint sugar mixed with a bit of lukewarm boiled water into a slightly liquid mix (only 10% of the animal’s weight over 24 hours).  Also boil some pumpkin in water (without salt), mush, mix teaspoon Maizena with it and feed.  Can also mix with finely cooked chicken and rice.

12.  Always ensure that fresh water is available.  Also feed half cooked chicken livers in soft format, small quantities very frequently.

DISINFECTION / STERILISATION of property – F10 disinfectant. 

Home remedy: 30ml vanilla essence, 1 tablespoon eucalyptus oil, 1 tablespoon Dettol, 1 tablespoon Citronella or clove oil (optional), 3 cups water.  Mix well.  If it does not mix easily add a few drops of lemon juice or dishwasher.  Separate your animals from the area you are going to treat and do not spray on wood.  Also beware of your eyes!

FEVER – Take ice blocks, wrap in towel and put on stomach – can also wet a cloth with cold water and wipe stomach and inside of groin.

FLEAS and TICKS – The best on the market is currently Bravecto for dogs and Fiprotec (Fipronil) for cats, as well as Felisine and/or Advocate.  There are various other brands available as well but make sure that the product you use ensures effective management.  Cats can also get Omega 3 and 6 as supplement.

FLIES – Shoofly or Quadrepel for dogs and horses.

GLASS SWALLOWED? Take a slice of bread, cover with a moderate amount of mayonnaise, spread 4-5 cotton balls out evenly, then take a scissors and cut the slice of bread/cotton into 1"squares and feed it to the dog...the cotton will snag around any sharp glass pieces, the mayonnaise will lubricate it going down as well as facilitate bowel movement and get it excreted.

MITES in the EARS – Virgin olive oil, or sweet oil, Oticlean then Otomax is the advice for mites in the ears.  Remember hairs in the ear canal can also cause ‘yeast ears’.  Remove the hairs in the ear canal.  Also download the article about Ear Mites and save in your Animal Health folder.

NAUSEA – Valoid suppositories – the normal Valoid but according to weight!  Amount – very small doggies quarter tablet, dogs up to and including 20kg half a tablet and dogs over 20kg a whole tablet.

PAIN MEDICATIONS – is scheduled medicine and should only be administered under the supervision of a Vet for a specific condition / situation.  It is harmful drugs.  Pain is nature’s way of making an animal rest to give the wound a chance to heal naturally.  When the pain is suppressed the animal does not give the wound time to heal naturally and it will get more inflamed.  Even scheduled Rimadyl has negative side effects and can only be prescribed by a Vet after careful examination of the animal.

POISON EMERGENCY TREATMENT – SPEED CAN SAVE YOUR ANIMAL’S LIFE!

21.1    The most critical is to get the animal to vomit: 1 teaspoon washing powder dissolved in a cup of lukewarm boiled water – feed with a syringe but prevent it getting into the lungs.  ALWAYS KEEP A TEASPOON WASHING POWER READY FOR EMERGENCIES!

21.2    After the animal has vomited, give 5-6 activated charcoal tablets – can be bought at your local pharmacist – to absorb the remaining poison. 

With 2-step or ALDICARB poisoning: Above two steps first – the antidote is Atropine and can only be administered by a registered Vet.
With RAT POISON: Above two steps first – then Kyrovite – also known as Vitamin K – injection and/or Vitamin K tablets as prescribed – by your Vet.
With FROGS: Follow first two steps above – then put some meat tenderiser on the animal’s tongue, after that plain white Greek full/double cream yoghurt and rooibos tea black / without sugar. 

SEDATIVES and ALLERGIES – Allergex syrup or tablets. If the animal has an allergic rash Allergex or 10 mg Phenergan can be given orally (dosage according to weight) and Caladryl Lotion can be applied topically (both available from the ‘human’ pharmacy). Crunch the tablets and wipe on gums – don’t try to camouflage in a piece of meat as it can affect the efficacy of the same.

SHOCK and ANXIETY – Rescue Remedy tablets or Calmeze, Allergex and also 10mg Phenergan – especially in the case of firecrackers and also a fear of travelling in a vehicle.  Also rub 3-4 Rescue drops on the inside of the ear flap where you can see the veins.  You cannot over dose with Rescue drops.

SKIN CONDITIONS / DRY SKIN – Lubricate by rubbing whole body with virgin olive oil or coconut oil and after about an hour, treat with Pierre’s aqueous cream and flower of sulphur mix as well.

SNAKES – when a spitting snake ‘targets’ the eyes, wash/rinse with any safe liquid as much as possible – running water, milk, urine – and then insert Octin eye drops as prescribed.  Snake bites will be treated separately – the best option is get to your Vet ASAP!

SORE EYES – Vitamin A supplements in the form of liver and/or tablets and injections is very important.  Draw a Rooibos teabag in a cup of lukewarm boiled water and sponge the eyes regularly with the teabag and the tea water – use a new bag every time and do not ‘wipe’ the eyes.  Your local pharmacist should be able to provide you with the antibiotic ointment for infections.

STOMACH PAIN/CRAMPS – Lennon’s Jamaica Ginger or Kem-O-Dene – 3-5 drops on a knifepoint of sugar and tablespoon lukewarm boiled water – give with a syringe to restore the electrolytes in the stomach.  PLEASE DO NOT administerBuscopan – it is ‘human meds’!

SYRINGES – plastic syringe that can contain at least +-30ml to give liquids.

TEETH INFECTIONS with cats - kan cause kidney failure – clean teeth by rubbing with baking soda.

THERMOMETER for measuring temperature.  Fever levels are the same for dogs and humans.

TONSILLITIS – Tonsilla according to prescription – available at ‘human’ pharmacy.

TOPICAL WOUNDS on DOGS and CATS – F10 ointment and also ‘raw’ honey (not that which you buy in the supermarket, at Dischem or direct from the bee farmer) or the aqueous mix can work wonders. 

Engemycin wound spray is a very good antibiotic in spray form.  Curatex is only available from a Vet.
Avert Bitter can be administered to discourage the animal from licking the wound. 

VITAMIN SUPPLEMENTS – Blue Liquid, Efazol, Pet tab forte (in tablet form) are all excellent multivitamins.  Injectable vitamin supplements can also be used like Rucenta’sVitamin B Co injection.

VOMITING – Valoid paediatric suppositories.  Amount depends on animal’s size/weight – small dogs about 1/5th of suppository, medium dogs about 1/3rd of a suppository, larger dogs about 2/3rds of a suppository.  Available at all ‘human’ pharmacies.  Lubricate with Vaseline or KY jelly and insert into anus until you can feel the sphincter muscles contract.

VOMITING of Yorkies – Clopamon syrup.  Ask your pharmacist for advice in this regard.

WORMS / DEWORMING – DrontalMilbemaxTriworn or Antezole – preferably avoid supermarket items as it is not as effective to kill all types of worms.

WOUNDS – The saline solution – 9 gram (2 level teaspoons) salt mixed with a liter of lukewarm boiled water.  Cover wound area with ‘raw’ honey thereafter.  Please download the management of wounds as a separate file and store in your Animal Health folder on your PC.  For INFECTED WOUNDS you can treat withBactroban/Supiroban (peroxide 3%) after it has been sprayed with the saline solution. 

Pierre’s aqueous cream and flower of sulphur mix:

250ml aqueous cream, the usual unstained plain cream;
100g flower of sulphur;
1 pot of zinc ointment;
100ml olive oil;
1 small bottle Gentian Violet (only for sunburn or cancer cases);
2 tubes Allergex/Anthisan or similar antihistamine ointment.
Mix everything well and apply twice a day on wounds to kill oxygen dependant bacteria.

Allergex – usual dosage:

Allergex tablets – small to medium doggies ½ Allergex; larger dogs a whole Allergex (crunch and spread in mouth/on gums, do not ‘hide’ or wrap in a piece of meat).

Arthritis and age related aches and pains – Pierre’s ‘mix’:

200 gram each turmeric, cinnamon and ginger and 100 gram cayenne pepper – mix thoroughly and give a teaspoonful daily for each dog (and for yourself!).  You can purchase empty capsules at pharmacies like Dischem and fill them if it makes medication easier. 

Electrolyte mix:

9 gram (2 level teaspoons) salt, 4 teaspoons sugar mixed with 1 liter lukewarm boiled water.

Steri mix (saline solution) to keep wounds bacteria free:

9 grams (2 level teaspoons) salt mixed with 1 liter lukewarm boiled water – use a spray bottle to administer to wound area. Always wash hands thoroughly before treatment!

Pierre van Niekerk © 2015

HONEY – raw, i.e. in its unprocessed form, preferably direct from the beekeeper – nature’s wonder healing agent - food for thought!